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Criminology

Two police officers were patrolling in a high-crime neighborhood. They noticed a

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Two police officers were patrolling in a high-crime
neighborhood. They noticed a parked car with two
people inside (a driver and a passenger). The
officers saw a young woman leaning into the
passenger’s window and handing the passenger an
object, which they could not identify. At this point,
they approached the car and the woman began to
walk away. One of the officers noticed the
passenger making a shoving down motion, leading
the officer to believe that the passenger might be
armed. The officer drew his gun and shouted, “Let
me see your hands.” After making more shoving
down motions, the passenger complied. The officer
reached into the car and touched a bulge in the
passenger’s pocket. He felt large, hard objects,
which he believed to be rocks of crack cocaine. He
then removed a plastic bag from the pocket. It
contained several rocks of crack cocaine that,
together with another rock found in the passenger’s
clothing, totaled almost 100 grams. The passenger
was arrested, but the driver and the woman
standing outside the car were not.
Should the passenger’s motion to suppress the
seized evidence be granted? Please respond to this
question in 2-3 pages, followed by your response to
the next question below.
On a routine patrol, an officer noticed a parked car.
Two people were inside, and they were in a high-
crime area near a bar that was known for gang
activity. In the past, the officer had responded to
calls from the bar for everything from murder to
public intoxication. The officer testified that he
stopped to see if the individuals were committing a
crime, lived in the area, or had some other concern.
When the officer pulled up behind the car and
illuminated the car with his spotlight, he observed
the passenger fumbling with something on the
floorboard. As the officer was checking for
identification, he noticed a bullet on top of the
console of the car. The officer had the individuals
step out of the car to ensure that they did not have
any weapons. After frisking them for weapons, the
officer looked in the area where he observed the
passenger fumbling with something to see if he was
hiding a gun. The officer said he was checking this
area for his safety and to make sure that nobody
would get hurt. The officer observed a 12-pack of
beer on the floorboard and checked inside for a
gun. When he moved the carton, he found a small
baggy underneath it containing a controlled
substance.
Should the passenger’s motion to suppress the
controlled substance be granted? Please respond to
this question in 2-3 pages, following your response
to the question above.

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