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Module 11: The Civil Rights Movement
– Each answer NEEDS to USE an Example being a “Photograph, Portrait, Letter, Poem, Song” from both the Secondary Source “Reading the American Past” or “The American Promise” AND one Example from a “Primary Source” from Primary Source List.
-Discussion Post Grading Rubric Attached in FILE!!
1. The following photograph
depicts civil rights activists attempting to integrate a lunch counter
in Mississippi in 1960, as well as the response this activism provoked.
The crowd surrounding the activists was engaged in acts of intimidation
and harassment reflective of a broader resistance among white
southerners to efforts to desegregate American society during the 1950s
and early 1960s. A number of primary sources assigned in this module, in
both Reading the American Past and the supplementary primary
sources, demonstrate resistance among white southerners to desegregation
and the civil rights movement. Referring to multiple perspectives from
the assigned primary source evidence, on what grounds did white
southerners resist desegregation and criticize the civil rights
movement? What common themes are apparent across multiple primary
One of the figures in the photograph mentioned in the above discussion
question is Anne Moody, whose description of the Jackson, Mississippi,
the sit-in is included in the supplementary primary source evidence in this
module. The sit-in movement, which is further detailed in the George
McMillan article in Reading the American Past, belonged to a
broader movement of nonviolent civil rights activism during the early
1960s, including the sit-ins, Freedom Rides, and voter registration drives,
and efforts to desegregate businesses and public space. Referring to the
primary source evidence assigned in this module, what examples
demonstrate nonviolent efforts to challenge segregation between 1960 and
1962? To what extent were such efforts successful?
Following the Birmingham campaign, activists in the civil rights
movement marched on Washington, D.C., in August 1963, organized the
Mississippi Freedom Summer Project of 1964, and engaged in a voting
rights campaign in Selma, Alabama. These events are briefly described in
The American Promise; a number of the supplementary primary
sources assigned in this module also relate to each event. Choosing one
of these three civil rights efforts, what did civil rights activists
attempt to achieve? What strategies were utilized? What challenges were
faced? To what extent were they successful in achieving “The Second
Reconstruction” named in The American Promise on pg. 764?